Wednesday, 3 January 2018

犬 | quǎn

In Chinese, (Pinyin: quǎn) means “dog”. In modern Mandarin, this character is used either as a radical or a part of compound words, for example 牧羊犬 (mùyángquǎn 🔊) “sheepdog” — cf. 牧羊人 (mùyángrén 🔊) “shepherd”.

According to Wiktionary,

Compound characters such as mostly use the alternative form <> at the left of the character. Most represent something to do with dogs or other animals. A smaller proportion (e. g. ) use the primary form at the right of the character. A few even show both forms: in which means “prison” or “litigation”; “words” () stand between two dogs to keep them from biting each other.
is written like our other old friend , “big”, modified with a dot or a stroke . Wiktionary explains that
the dot is the ear. <That’s why our seaglass above have got an earring.> In the form , a dog that is up on its hind legs.
Many historical forms of this character look more like a dog standing on its tail.

More photos related to dogs and sea glass @ Shutterstock.

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